JOURNALISM AND POLITICS
Series One: The Papers of C P Scott, 1846-1932
from the John Rylands University Library of Manchester
Part 1: C P Scott's General Correspondence, c1870-1934, and Political Diaries, 1911-1928
C P SCOTT: A CHRONOLOGY
1821 - Foundation of the Manchester Guardian by John Edward Taylor, a
radical Unitarian married to Sophia Scott, sister of CPS's father.
1830 - Birth of John Edward Taylor the 2nd.
1846 - Charles Prestwick Scott born at Bath, the 8th of 9 children
(CPS had 3 elder brothers and 4 elder sisters - the 9th child died
1853-64 - CPS attends Hove House school in Brighton (run by a Unitarian
minister) and then Clapham Grammar School (run by Charles Pritchard, and noted
1861 - John Edward Taylor the 2nd takes control of the Manchester
1865-69 - CPS goes up to Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He befriends Robert
Bridges (two years his senior), is Secretary of the Anti-Mendacity Society
(speaks at the Union) and is involved in College rowing. His first article for The
Guardian is a description of a race on the Seine between the Corpus boat and
a crew of old Etonians. CPS graduates with a 1st in Greats. CPS then
embarks on a Grand Tour of Europe.
1870 - CPS has a 6-month apprenticeship working for The Scotsman in
1871 - CPS arrives in Manchester in February to work at The Guardian.
He befriends Ford Madox Brown.
1872 - CPS formally appointed Editor of The Guardian, in January, aged
25. Rachel Cook (CPS's future wife) is introduced to CPS's sister,
Catherine, by Madame Bodichon in October. George Eliot said that Rachel was the
most beautiful woman that she had ever seen. She was one of the 7 original
students at the Women's College in Hitchin (later becoming Girton College,
Cambridge) and contributed review articles to The Guardian.
1874 - CPS marries Rachel, youngest daughter of John Cook, Professor of
Ecclesiastical History at the University of St Andrews. The Scotts have four
children: Madeline (1876-1958); Lawrence Prestwich (1877-1908); John Russell
(1879-1949); and Edward Taylor (1883-1932).
1886 - The Guardian achieves national prominence through its support
of the Home Rule Bill.
1892 - The Guardian first offers support for the cause of Women's
Suffrage, publishing a report on the Female Suffrage Bill.
1895 - CPS elected Liberal MP for the Leigh Division of Lancashire (after
failed attempts to be elected in 1886, 1891 and 1892). CPS plays a prominent
part in the Manchester Liberal Federation, is re-elected in 1900 but retires in
1899 - The Guardian achieves national and international notice by
supporting South African self-government at the start of the Boer War.
1905 - John Edward Taylor the 2nd dies and his will gives his
cousin, CPS, first option to purchase The Guardian for £10,000. Death of
1907 - CPS purchases The Guardian. CPS's third son, Edward Taylor
Scott, marries Mabel Hobson, daughter of J A Hobson.
1908 - Death of Lawrence Prestwich Scott, CPS's eldest son.
1911 - CPS commences his political diary.
1914-18 - CPS supports Lloyd George throughout the war. He introduces him to
Dr Chaim Weizmann, Reader in Biology at the University of Manchester, whose help
in the war effort was rewarded by Lloyd-George's support for the creation of a
Jewish State of Palestine. CPS's diary contains very full entries for the War
and the Russian Revolution.
1921 - The Guardian celebrates its 100th anniversary and
CPS celebrates 50 years editing the paper.
1929 - CPS retires after death of L T Hobhouse.
1932 - Death of CP Scott.