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PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY

Part 1: Manuscript Minutes, Committee Books and Voting Records of the House of Lords, c1620-1714

Holders of Major Public Office, 1620-1714

LORD CHANCELLORS AND LORD KEEPERS OF THE GREAT SEAL

1621

The seal was put into commission, May – July
(Sir Julius Caesar, Sir John Ley and others)

1621

John Williams, Dean of Westminster
(afterwards Bishop of Lincoln) – Lord Keeper

1625

Sir Thomas Coventry
(afterwards Lord Coventry, 1628) - Lord Keeper

1640

Sir John Finch
(afterwards Lord Finch, 1640) – Lord Keeper

1641

Sir Edward Lyttleton
(afterwards Lord Lyttleton, 1641) – Lord Keeper

1645

Sir Richard Lane – Lord Keeper

1643-60

During the Civil War and Interregnum the following Commissioners were entrusted with Parliament’s Great Seal:-

1643

Henry, Earl of Kent; Oliver, Earl of Bolingbroke; Oliver St John; John Wilde; Samuel Browne; Edmund Prideaux

1646

William, Earl of Salisbury; Edward, Earl of Manchester; William Lenthall

1648

Henry, Earl of Kent; William, Lord Grey of Warke; Sir Thomas Widdrington; Bulstrode Whitelocke

1649

Bulstrode Whitelocke; John Lisle; Richard Keeble

1654

Bulstrode Whitelocke; Sir Thomas Kiddrington; John Lisle

1656

Nathaniel Fiennes; John Lisle

1659

Nathaniel Fiennes; John Lisle; Bulstrode Whitelocke; (from June) John Bradshaw; Thomas Terryll; John Fountain

1660

William Lenthall; Sir Thomas Widdrington; Thomas Terryll; John Fountain; Edward, Earl of Manchester

1649-60

During this period the following were appointed as Lord Keeper by the King:-

1649

Sir Richard Lane – Lord Keeper

1653

Sir Edward Herbert – Lord Keeper

1658

Sir Edward Hyde (afterwards Lord Hyde, 1660, and Earl of Clarendon, 1661) – Lord Keeper

1658

Sir Edward Hyde – Lord Chancellor

1667

Sir Orlando Bridgeman – Lord Keeper

1672

Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury – Lord Chancellor

1673

Sir Heneage Finch (afterwards Lord Finch, 1674, and Earl of Nottingham, 1681) – Lord Keeper

1675

Lord Finch – Lord Chancellor

1682

Sir Francis North
(afterwards Lord Guildford, 1683) – Lord Keeper

1685

Sir George Jeffreys
(afterwards Lord Jeffreys, 1685) – Lord Chancellor

1689-93

In commission

1693

Lord Somers – Lord Chancellor

1700

Sir Nathan Wright – Lord Keeper

1705

Lord Cowper - Lord Chancellor

1708

In commission

1710

Lord Harcourt – Lord Chancellor

1714

Lord Cowper - Lord Chancellor

LORD TREASURERS AND LORD COMMISSIONERS OF THE TREASURY

 

1620

Sir Henry Monatgu, Viscount Mandeville
(afterwards Earl of Manchester, 1626) – Lord Treasurer

1621

Lionel, Lord Cranfield (afterwards Earl of Middlesex, 1622) – Lord Treasurer

1624

James, Lord Ley (afterwards Earl of Marlborough, 1626) – Lord Treasurer

1628

Richard, Lord Weston (afterwards Earl of Portland, 1633) – Lord Treasurer

1635

William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury – First Lord of the Treasury

1635

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:

 

Henry, Earl of Manchester; Francis, Lord Cottington; Sir John Coke; Sir Francis Windebank

1636

William Juxon, Bishop of London – Lord Treasurer

1641

Sir Edward Lyttleton (afterwards Lord Lyttleton, 1641) – First Lord of the Treasury

1641

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

Henry, Earl of Manchester; Sir John Banks; Edward, Lord Newburgh; Sir Henry Vane

1643

Francis, Lord Cottington - Lord Treasurer

1654

The following were appointed as Commissioners:-

 

Bulstrode Whitelocke; Sir Thomas Widdrington; John Lisle; Henry Rolle; Oliver St John; Edward Montagu; William Sydenham; William Matham

1658

The following were appointed as Commissioners:

 

Bulstrode, Lord Whitelocke; Edward, Lord Montagu; William, Lord Sydenham; Sir Thomas Widdrington

1659

The following were appointed as Parliamentary Commisioners:-

 

John Disbrowe; William Sydenham; Richard Salway; Cornelius Holland; John Clerke; John Blackwell

1660

Sir Edward Hyde (afterwards Earl of Clarendon, 1661): - First Lord of the Treasury

1660

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

George Monck; Thomas, Earl of Southampton; John, Lord Robarts; Thomas, Lord Colepeper; General Edward Montagu; Sir Edward Nicholas; Sir William Morrice

1660

Thomas, Earl of Southampton - Lord Treasurer

1667

George Monck, Duke of Albermarle – First Lord of the Treasury

1667

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

Anthony, Lord Ashley; Sir Thomas Clifford; Sir William Coventry; Sir John Duncombe

1669

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

Anthony, Lord Ashley; Sir Thomas Clifford; Sir John Duncombe

1672

Thomas, Lord Clifford - Lord Treasurer

1673

Sir Thomas Osborne, Viscount Latimer (afterward Earl of Danby, 1674) - Lord Treasurer

1679

Arthur, Earl of Essex - First Lord of the Treasury

1679

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

Hon Laurence Hyde; Sir John Ernley; Sir Edward Deering; Sidney Godolphin

1679

(from November) Laurence Hyde (afterwards Earl of Rochester, 1682) - First Lord of the Treasury

1679

(from November) The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

Sir John Ernley; Sir Edward Deering; Sidney Godolphin; Sir Stephen Fox

1684

Sidney, Lord Godolphin - First Lord of the Treasury

1684

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

Sir John Ernley; Sir Stephen Fox; Sir Dudley North; Henry Frederick Thynne

1685

Laurence, Earl of Rochester – Lord Treasurer

1687

John, Lord Belasyse - First Lord of the Treasury

1687

The following were appointed as Lord Commissioners of the Treasury:-

 

Sidney, Lord Godolphin; Henry, Lord Dover; Sir John Ernley; Sir Stephen Fox

1690

Sidney, Lord Godolphin - First Lord of the Treasury

1697

Charles Montagu (afterwards Earl of Halifax) - First Lord of the Treasury

1702

Sidney, Lord Godolphin - Lord Treasurer

1710

John, Earl Poulett - Lord Treasurer

1711

Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford - Lord Treasurer

1714

Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury - Lord Treasurer

1714

Charles Montagu, Earl of Halifax – First Lord of the Treasury

LORDS PRIVY SEAL

 

1616

Edward Somerest, Earl of Worcester

1628

Sir John Coke

1628

(from May) Sir Robert Naunton

1628

(from July) Henry Montagu, Earl of Manchester

1643

Sir Edward Nicholas

1644

Henry Bourchier, Earl of Bath

1660

William, Viscount Saye and Sele

1661

John, Lord Robarts

1669

The following were appointed as Commissioners during the absence of Lord Robartes:-

 

Sir Edward Deering; Sir Thomas Strickland; Robert Milward

1673

Arthur Annesley, Earl of Anglesey

1682

George Saville, Marquis of Halifax

1685

Henry Hyde, Earl of Clarendon

1685

The following were appointed as Commissioners during the absence of the Earl of Clarendon:-

 

Robert, Viscount Tiviot; Robert Phillips; John Evelyn

1686

Henry, Lord Arundell

1689

Marquess of Halifax

1690

 In commission

1692

Earl of Montgomery

1699

Viscount Lonsdale

1700

Earl of Tankerville

1701

In commission

1702

Marquess of Normanby

1705

Duke of Newcastle

1711

John Robinson

1713

Earl of Dartmouth

1714

Marquess of Wharton

 

LORD PRESIDENTS OF THE COUNCIL

 

1621

Henry Montagu, Viscount Mandeville, Earl of Manchester, 1626

1628

James Ley, Earl of Marlborough

1628

(from December) Edward, Viscount Conway (until January 1631)

1679

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury

1679

(from October) John Robartes, Earl of Radnor

1684

Laurence Hyde, Earl of Rochester

1685

George Saville, Marquess of Halifax

1685

(from December) Robert Spencer, Earl of Sunderland

1689

Duke of Leeds

1699

Earl of Pembroke

1702

Duke of Somerset

1702

(from July) Earl of Pembroke

1708

Lord Somers

1710

Earl of Rochester

1711

Duke of Buckinghamshire

1714

Earl of Nottingham

 

CLERKS OF THE PARLIAMENTS

 

1621

Henry Elsynge

1635

T Knyvett

1637

D Bedingfield

1638

John Browne

1649

H Scobell

1660

John Browne

1691

Matthew Johnson

 

CLERK ASSISTANTS

 

1621

John Throckmorton

1664

John Walker (senior)

1682

John Walker (junior)

 

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